Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked, ‘what is the difference between a Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP) and Request for Quote (RFQ)’. Below is an explanation of these three requests.

According to the Government, the differences between RFQ’s, RFI’s and RFP’s are as follows:

“RFx is an abbreviation used to refer to a group of ‘Request For…’ documents, used to solicit responses of various types from suppliers. The three documents used in this group include Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP) and Request for Quote (RFQ).

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award. The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • clearly define the problem;
  • solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFP is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what’s needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service you need, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.”

The common threat between all three types of requests is that the Customer or Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid. Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

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Title Closing Date Tender No.
Cleaning of reservoirs and towers. 2018-03-27 10:30 JW OPS 015/17
Appointment of a Travel Agent for the period of 3 years 2018-03-27 11:00 MHSC015/2017-18
Supply & Delivery of Borehole Maintainance Spares to Mopani District Municipality for 36mothns Multi-framework contract. 2018-03-27 12:00 MDM 2017-055/1
Requests for proposals are hereby invited from relevant services providers for the lease of Desktops and Laptops for a period of 36 months 2018-03-29 12:00 UGU-05-1466-2018
Repairs to roads including pothole patching using environmentally friendly technology within the Msunduzi Municipality’s area of Jurisdiction. 2018-03-27 12:00 SUPPLY AND SERVICES CONTRACT No. 80 OF 2018
Appointment of a Panel of a Maximum Ten (10) Service Providers for the Supply and Delivery of Additional Emergency Relief Stock for a period of 36 months 2018-03-29 12:00 UGU-05-1467-2018
Appointment of Three (3) Service Providers for Supply and Delivery of Free Basic Alternative Energy for Polokwane Municipality for a Period of Two (2) Years (Re-Advert). 2018-03-27 10:00 291/2016
Supply and Delivery of water purification chemicals to Mopani District Municipality for 36Months Multi-Framework Contract. 2018-03-27 11:00 MDM 2017-054
Appointment of service provider to provide courier services for a period of 3 years (Re-Advert) 2018-03-28 10:00 222/2016
Appointment of accredited service providers to service, repair and replacement of the following fire equipment, fire extinguishers, fire hoses reels, fire hydrants, fire hydrant boosters, symbolic signs of the municipality for the period of three (3) year. 2018-03-28 10:00 PM92/2017
Supply and delivery of Sanitary Hygiene Services for the period 01 July 2018 to 30 June 2021 2018-03-23 12:00 WDM 03/2018
Request For Information (RFI) for the Automation Identification Data Capture. 2018-03-29 10:00 CORP 4359
Supply delivery and installation of Outdoor Gym Equipment for a contract period of 24 months 2018-03-29 12:00 BSM 69/18
Supply and delivery of Artificial Grass for a contract period of 24 months. 2018-03-29 12:00 BSM 70/18
Construction of Idas Valley Merriman outfall sewer and associated works. 2018-03-29 12:00 BSM 65/18
Supply and delivery of chemicals for use in the purification of water. 2018-03-29 12:00 TENDER 72-17/18
Refuse removal in Brandwag and Ruiterbos. 2018-03-29 12:00 TENDER 73-17/18
Statutory inspection and testing of lifting equipment 2018-04-03 10:00 246S/2017/18
Invitation to service providers: Appointment for facilities management and cleaning services in the Bojanala, Dr Kenneth Kaunda and Ngaka Modiri Molema Areas. 2018-04-11 11:00 NWDC/BOJANG/2018
Request for information - Precinct development 2018-04-10 11:00 RFI-001-2017/2018


Tender adjudication process

The SBD/WCBD6.1 document must form part of all bids invited.  It contains general information and serves as a claim form for preference points for Broad -Based Black Economic Empowerment (B -BBEE) Status Level of Contribution, and explains how tenders or bids are decided.

The document says:

  • The bidder obtaining the highest number of points will be awarded the contract.
  • Preference points shall be calculated after prices have been brought to a comparative basis.
  • Points scored will be rounded off to two decimal places... Read More
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