Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked, ‘what is the difference between a Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP) and Request for Quote (RFQ)’. Below is an explanation of these three requests.

According to the Government, the differences between RFQ’s, RFI’s and RFP’s are as follows:

“RFx is an abbreviation used to refer to a group of ‘Request For…’ documents, used to solicit responses of various types from suppliers. The three documents used in this group include Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP) and Request for Quote (RFQ).

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award. The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • clearly define the problem;
  • solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFP is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what’s needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service you need, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.”

The common threat between all three types of requests is that the Customer or Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid. Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Supply Toxicology Kits (250 kits) Supply Blood Alcohol Kits (350 kits) 2017-08-25 11:00 94/ 17- 18
TRAUMA STRETCHERS. 2017-08-25 11:00 ZNQ 396 OF 2017 / 18
Sound proof audiometry book with extractor fan 2017-08-28 11:00 ZNQ156/ 17/ 17
Establishment of a Panel of Service Providers for Supply and Delivery of Current Gauging Equipment for the Measurement of Velocity and Discharge in Open Channels by Using the Acoustic Doppler and Tracer Methods for a Period of 24 Months 2017-09-19 11:00 W11238
Emergency and Resuscitation trolley x 7. NB// Specification will be available in the document 2017-08-29 11:00 123/ 17/ 18 PCHC
Suction machine x 4 2017-08-29 11:00 121/ 17/ 18 PCHC
Supply and install industrial tumble dryer machine x 1 2017-08-29 11:00 120/ 17/ 18 PCHC
Service tumble dryer for Pholela CHC and three clinics x 4 Service washing machine for Pholela CHC and five clinics x 7 2017-08-29 11:00 124/ 17/ 18 PCHC
Electrocardiograph x 4 2017-08-29 11:00 122/ 17/ 18 PCHC
Supply and deliver Sphygmomanometer -Aneroid - QTY: 30 Units Supply and deliver Mobile Trolley - QTY: 24 Units 2017-09-01 11:00 ZNQ: 60/ 17- 18
Supply and deliver Portable Diagnostic Set Battery Operated 2017-09-01 11:00 ZNQ: 194/ 17- 18
Supply and deliver Electronic Haemoglobin Meter 2017-09-01 11:00 ZNQ: 367/ 17- 18
-40 vaccine fridge as per H.T.S. specification 2017-08-25 11:00 ZNQ 398 OF 2017 / 18
Supply and deliver vaccine refrigerator, freezer upright (see description for details) 2017-08-29 11:00 ZNQ126/ 2017/ 2018NSI
1.mobile examination light x13 2017-09-05 11:00 ZNQ 231/ 17- 18
Supply domestic fridge as per attached list 2017-09-03 11:00 ZNQ 444/ 17- 18
Supply and delivery of corporate laptops to the South African Weather Service 2017-09-08 11:00 SAWS- 118 / 17
Supply and delivery of corporate desktop computers and high-end computer workstations to the South African Weather Service. 2017-09-08 11:00 SAWS- 120 / 17
SANSA invites bidders to tender for for Provision of CISCO maintenance and support for a period of three (3) years. 2017-09-19 11:00 SO/ 034/ 08/ 2017
Request for service provider to maintain and support the group campus and regional offices (Port Elizabeth, Durban and Cape Town) including the dti’s Parliamentary office(s), converged ICT network environment, telecommunications and network management instruments for a period of three (3) years 2017-09-08 11:00 RFB- 1609- 2017

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Functionality and Tenders

In all competitive bids (tenders) you as the bidder will have to respond to Functionality. You will need to score a set minimum number of points, measured as a percentage, on Functionality of a competitive bid (tender) in order to advance to the next phase of evaluation in the tender process.

Usually Organs of State evaluate competitive bids (tenders) as follows:

  • The tender response is evaluated on Functionality where the bidder must score points out of a maximum of 100 points.
  • A threshold of between 65 to 75 out of 100 points... Read More
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