Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Request for sector development and implementation plan to support sustainable veterinary pharmaceutical industry development in South Africa 2019-03-11 12:00 T02/02/19
Department of Science and Technology: Appointment of a service provider to pilot Bio-cultural Community Protocol in Mpumalanga Province 2019-03-04 13:00 RFQ-0000063
Invitation for project tenders (Phase 1): The Uniting Reformed Church Atteridgeville - Alterations and additions to existing church buildings on Erf 1088 no. 19 Matseke Street 2019-03-12 12:00 No reference supplied
Insurance for Msukaligwa Local Municipality for a period of three (3) years. 2019-03-18 11:00 8/3 27/2018
Maintenance of highmast lights: as and when required for the period ending 30 June 2019. 2019-03-18 11:00 8/3 26/2018
Repairing of open kiosk/mini-sub/ pole mounted transformers: as and when required for the period ending 30 June 2019. 2019-03-18 11:00 8/3 25/2018
Service provider that specializes on 11kv substation protection scheme for the following substations: 11kv main substation_13 panels Wesselton main substation_7 panels Kwazanele main substation_4 panels Breyten main_3 panels 2019-03-18 11:00 8/3 24/2018
Repairs and servicing of emergency vehicles in the municipal fire and rescue fleet for a period of three (3) years commencing 1 February 2019 to 28 February 2022. 2019-03-18 11:00 8/3 23/2018
Replacement of copper overhead lines: as and when required for the period ending 30 June 2019. 2019-03-13 11:00 8/3 22/2018
Provision of an electronic document management system at GMM for 36 months 2019-03-15 12:00 8/3/1-05/2019
Upgrading of the Rooikoppen Sewer 2019-03-08 12:00 DTS 11/2018/2019
Supply, delivery of material to site, installation and commissioning of energy efficient lighting for high masts within Lekwa Local Municipality 2019-03-08 12:00 DTS 10/2018/2019
Construction of Workshop at Jouberton Campus 2019-03-01 11:00 No reference number
Department of Science and Technology Illumination Assessment 2018-2019 2019-03-04 13:00 RFQ-0000062
Provision of security services 2019-02-28 12:30 08/2/16/57
Panel of two (2) Service providers for Supply and delivery of protective clothing for a period of 36 months(as and when required) 2019-03-01 11:00 LNM071/2018/19
Printing and folding of municipal monthly statements for a period of 36 months 2019-03-01 11:00 LNM067/2018/19
Supply and delivery of ICT equipment 2019-02-26 11:00 LNM050/2018/19
Professional Service provider for licensing of municipal borrow Pits 2019-02-26 11:00 LNM056/2018/19
Professional Service provider for review of environment management plan 2019-02-26 11:00 LNM055/2018/19

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10 things to remember when you tender

By Werner van Rooyen

31 January 2019

There are many things that you as a small business owner must remember when you respond to a tender and sometimes responding to a tender can be overwhelming. Experience has taught me that there are some important things to remember when responding to a Tender and there are some less important things to remember when responding to a Tender.

Here are ten of the important things to remember when responding to a Tender. Please remember that all ten of these items mention here are equal... Read More

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