Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
The supply and delivery various sizes of Ferrules. 2018-09-21 10:00 PTB1360
Provision for power transformer testing services at various sites for a period of 36 months as and when required basis. 2018-09-21 10:00 ERI/2018/TSS/01
Provision for power transformer testing services at various sites for a period of 36 months as and when required basis. 2018-09-21 10:00 ERI/2018/TSS/01
Maintenance to service roads, fencing and surfaces on an as & when required basis within a period of 24 months. 2018-10-02 10:00 KBY/54318
Supply and delivery of 2 (Two) 2.5 Litre Double Cab Ldvs With Canopy From an accredited Motor Vehicle Dealer 2018-09-04 12:00 BS22/07/2018
The University of South Africa invites tenders from suitably qualified service providers to provide the University with international courier services for a period of three years. 2018-09-03 12:00 PT2018/12
Re-design the existing human capital function in support of the DBSA Growth & Transformation agenda. 2018-09-10 11:00 RFP124/2018
Supply and delivery of 1(one) x TLB with Minimum Engine Gross Power (SAE) Of 29.1 Kw from an accredited Motor Dealer 2018-09-04 12:00 BS19/07/2018
Evaluation of the Global Fund Community Systems Strengthening Programme. 2018-09-10 08:30 None provided
Reconstruction of Stage Floor at Eric Jiyane Community Hall, Mhluzi 2018-09-05 12:00 BS23/07/2018
Request for proposals for total replacement of 22 lifts in the University. 2018-09-14 10:00 RFPSMU/008/2018
Request for proposals for upgrading of electrical substation and electrical cabling. 2018-09-14 10:00 RFP SMU/006/2018
Appointment of a Suitable Service Provider to Conduct Research on Tracking and Tracing of Learners who Completed TETA- supported Workplace-based Learning - WBL Programmes (Learner ships, Internships and apprenticeships) in the financial year 2016/2017. 2018-09-07 11:00 TETA18/RESEARCH/0005/WBL
Construction of Storage for Hazardous Material at Electrical Department Store, Service Centre (Magasyn), Middelburg 2018-09-05 12:00 BS24/07/2018
Request for Proposals for the Appointment of a Suitable Service Provider to Conduct a Tracer Study on ‘Teta-funded Pilots within Aviation for the Period of NSDS III (2011-2017) 2018-09-07 10:00 TETA18/RESEARCH/0004/TRACER
BBBEE Verification Agency 2018-08-28 12:00 030/2019
Supply Calcium hypochlorite 2018-08-23 16:00 GC11900071
Supply: Medical supplies 2018-08-28 15:00 GF11900120
Hiring of Water Tanker for Regravelling of Gravel Roads at Bethal and Emzinoni for 30 days 2018-08-27 12:00 RFQ NO: 8/3/2- 62/2018
Hire of a 20 Ton Excavator for Bellville South Landfill. 2018-08-28 09:00 WJ11900109

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10 steps in the bid process

Each year, Organs of State invite the Private Sector to submit competitive bids for the supply of goods and services. Organs of State bid requests attract SMME's and large businesses across a wide range of sectors - from office supplies to major construction projects.

Here is an overview of 10 steps you should take to prepare a competitive bid.

1.    Register your interest

Follow the instructions in the bid document to register your interest with the purchasing agency. This important step will help keep you up to... Read More

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