Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Excavate (2m width x 2m length x 1,5m deep) construct pit lining and erection of ventilated improvement pit (vip) toilets in wards 9,10,11,12&13 2019-05-02 12:00 RFQ/809
Supply 3000 good quality SABS approved building blocks and 150 bags of cement (50kg) for the construction of vip latrines pit in Wards 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12&13 2019-05-06 12:00 RFQ/810
Supply, delivery and installation of tiles, toilet and door 2019-05-03 11:00 295425
Supply, delivery and fit of tyres for plate compactor – CW46560 2019-05-02 11:00 293932
Supply, delivery and fit of tyres for truck Nissan diesel – CW21923 2019-05-02 11:00 296230
Supply delivery and installation of 2 x 24 000BTU air conditioner 2019-05-02 11:00 295892
Occupational health and safety services for resurfacing of municipal roads (Rawsonville, Worcester, De Doorns, Touwsrivier). 2019-04-30 11:00 296861
Terms of Reference for Consultancy Services to Undertake Gender Mainstreaming Study in the Energy Sector in Africa 2019-05-07 15:00 AUC/IED/C/014
Construction of Speed-Humps 2019-05-03 12:00 SCM/2019/114/ENG
For the supply and delivery of safety boots for delivery to Kimberley, Supply Chain Services Warehouse. 2019-04-30 10:00 WRAC/KBC/29581
Supply and delivery of various PPE material on an “as and when” required basis to Bellville 2019-05-14 10:00 BLE RME 2202/2019
SHEQ Dept - Collection and Disposal of Medical Waste on a month-to-month basis not exceeding 12 months 2019-05-07 12:00 PEHR 007/19-20
Construction of Ward 4 Elityeni Internals Streets 2019-05-17 11:00 TECH/MIG 01/2019/20
Construction of Chintsa East Internal Streets 2019-05-17 11:00 TECH/MIG 02/2019/20
Construction of Icwili Sports Field 2019-05-17 11:00 TECH/MIG 03/2019/20
Construction of Ward 6 Youth Centre 2019-05-17 11:00 TECH/MIG 04/2019/20
Provision of Website Management services at KHTVETC for a period of 36 months ( 3 years) 2019-05-23 11:00 KHC Bid 01/2019
Appointment of a service provider for the design and construction of houses with basic services infrastructure for evicted farm dwellers from Vaalpoort Farm in Pixley Ka Seme Local Municipality 2019-05-15 11:00 CONMP 0001 (2019/ 2020)
Procurement of Support and Maintenance of VMware Enterprise Licences, the reconfiguration of Enterprise Licenses at Head Office and the Procurement of 12 Additional Enterprise Licences wit x1 VMware vCentre standard including installation and configuration for 36 months 2019-05-10 11:00 RFB 1918- 2018
Request for proposals from reputable and suitably qualified research houses to submit proposals to conduct a Domestic and Departure Tourism Survey for the South African Tourism. 2019-05-10 12:00 SAT 148/ 19

Pages

Tender Site Visits

By Werner van Rooyen

www.howtotender.co.za

31 January 2019

If you are so fortunate to have reached the stage where Organs of State or Private Sector Companies want to do a site visit, you must know that you are in the final stage in winning that tender that you have responded to.

But what must you do to prepare for a site visit?

The first thing is to ensure that your place of business is in excellent order. Be sure everything is clean and neat. A clean workshop or office is a pre-... Read More

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