Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked, ‘what is the difference between a Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP) and Request for Quote (RFQ)’. Below is an explanation of these three requests.

According to the Government, the differences between RFQ’s, RFI’s and RFP’s are as follows:

“RFx is an abbreviation used to refer to a group of ‘Request For…’ documents, used to solicit responses of various types from suppliers. The three documents used in this group include Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP) and Request for Quote (RFQ).

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award. The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • clearly define the problem;
  • solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFP is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what’s needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service you need, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.”

The common threat between all three types of requests is that the Customer or Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid. Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Emptying of Septic Tanks at Soetwater Resort 2017-11-30 14:00 SB11800481
Supply, delivery and printing services for a period of 24 months as and when required 2017-12-21 11:00 LNM079/2017/18
Appointment of A Service Provider For Printing Of Municipal Accounts For 36 Months For The City Of Mbombela 2017-12-07 11:00 162/2017
Appointment Of A Service Provider For Automated Electricity Meter Reading Services For 36 Months for The City Of Mbombela 2017-12-07 12:00 163/2017
Appointment Of A Service Provider For Enforcement Of Credit Control Measure And Indigent Management Services For The City of Mbombela 2017-12-07 11:00 161/2017
Supply and delivery of Mildsteel Galvanised Tee Bolts and Nuts at Withoogte 2017-11-29 12:00 6/5/2/321
Appointment Of A Service Provider For Meter Reading Services For The City Of Mbombela 2017-12-07 11:00 175/2017
Data Centre Maintenance and Repairs of Air Conditioning System 2017-12-07 11:00 RFP 129
Appointment of a service provider for assessment and valuation of the Legacy Rehabilitation liability cost 2017-12-08 11:00 ALEX RFP 4/2017/2018
Design, Provision and Management of a Wide Area Network for the Eden District Municipality 2017-12-08 11:00 E/04/17-18
Repair to Infrastructure in Tergniet – Stairs at Tidal Pool Kus Road 2017-12-08 12:00 49-17/18
Supply and delivery of tyres (one year contract). 2017-12-08 12:00 SCM/INFR13/2017/2018
Supply and Delivery of a Grader 2017-12-08 12:00 SCM/INFR12/2017/2018
Compilation of the 2017/2018 GRAP Compliant Financial Statements 2017-11-23 13:45 SCM/FS06/201/2018
Port Engineering - Smart Peoples Port Study 2017-12-12 12:00 PEH 135/VB
Port Engineering - Dredging of Small Craft Areas 2017-12-12 12:00 PEH 134/VB
Appointment of a suitable service provider for the training of 25 beneficiaries in basic bookeeping for a period of 12 months 2017-11-29 11:00 7Z - 35406
The construction of 50 sow piggery for Intandela multipurpose and project cooperative at Goodhome under Ntabamhlophe area in ward 14 of Inkosi Langalibalele Local Municipality under Uthukela District Municipality in the Kwazulu-Natal province 2017-12-14 11:00 SS-KZN 7/1/6/3 (642) 000R
Implementation of GRAP 12;16 and 17 assets register for a period of a period of three years 2018-01-02 12:00 SCM/FS05/2017/2018
Construction of Sewer Lines Tarka Mossel Bay 2018-01-12 12:00 45-17/18

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Functionality and Tenders

In all competitive bids (tenders) you as the bidder will have to respond to Functionality. You will need to score a set minimum number of points, measured as a percentage, on Functionality of a competitive bid (tender) in order to advance to the next phase of evaluation in the tender process.

Usually Organs of State evaluate competitive bids (tenders) as follows:

  • The tender response is evaluated on Functionality where the bidder must score points out of a maximum of 100 points.
  • A threshold of between 65 to 75 out of 100 points... Read More
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