Issue Date: 
Monday, October 13, 2014

Direct and Indirect Costs: 2 items that determine tender pricing

Article by Werner van Rooyen

www.how2tender.com

13 October 2014

Many bidders that respond to tenders struggle when it comes to calculating a price for a specific tender. One of the reasons for this is that a large number of small business owners are usually new to the tender process and therefore they lack the necessary experience to price their bids correctly.

Without getting into the fundamentals of accounting there are two basic items that determine your tender price. In fact, these two basic items should always be your guide when determining your price on the goods or services you sell.

The two items that determine pricing are:

  • Direct Costs; and
  • Indirect Costs.
  1. Direct Costs

Direct Costs are the costs that one pays to either:

  • Produce goods or services; or
  • The cost price you pay to procure goods or products that you will resell to your customers.

In other words, if you manufacture wooden chairs your direct costs will be the money you spend on purchasing the wood for the chairs. Other direct costs in manufacturing wooden chairs would be wood glue, nails and labour costs.

Thus, when responding to a tender you must take the utmost care that you include all your direct costs in your tender price.

  1. Indirect Costs

Indirect Costs are the expenses that you incur to run your business, these costs do not necessarily generate any income. Some of the most common indirect costs that your business incurs are:

  • Rent
  • Utility expenses such as electricity and water
  • Telephone
  • Stationary
  • Salaries and wages
  • Accounting fees

It is very important to include indirect costs in your tender price. Remember that the tender will form part of your normal day-to-day business and therefore it must contribute to your indirect costs.

The question is how to calculate how much of the indirect costs are contributable to the tender. There isn’t one specific rule but one of the more common rules is to estimate the time spend on servicing the tender and then use that to factor in the indirect costs into the tender price. In other words if you have to spend 50% of your time servicing the tender then 50% of your indirect costs should be part of your tender price.

Please visit our website at www.how2tender.com for more on these as well as other interesting topics. You will also find our Tender Manual there - the Tender Manual guides you through the whole process of responding to a Tender or a Request for Proposal.

Until next time.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Sound and Lighting: Live Gospel Show 24 November 2018 2018-11-21 12:00 B346/2018/19
Backfill and reinstatements of trenches & other excavations in existing roads and other paved surfaces in ward 2 2018-11-27 12:00 213/2018/19
Backfill and reinstatements of trenches & other excavations in existing roads and other paved surfaces in ward 6 2018-11-27 11:00 RFQ214/2018/19
Supply and Install Air Conditioners at Tshepong Laboratory 2018-12-12 10:30 RFQ NO: 1464133
Backfill and reinstatements of trenches & other excavations in existing roads and other paved surfaces in ward 9 2018-11-27 12:00 215/2018/19
Renovations to Wf Knobel NHLS Laboratory in Limpopo 2018-12-13 11:00 RFQ NO: 1339393
Backfill and reinstatements of trenches & other excavations in existing roads and other paved surfaces in ward 10 2018-11-27 12:00 216/2018/19
Call for Auctioneers to submit quotations for providing service to auction redundant and obsolete inventory and movable assets on behalf of Knysna Municipality 2018-11-27 12:00 190/2018/19
Render a Cleaning Service at the Premises of the Metro North Education District (Mned) Office, Situated at 9 Timmerman Street, Parow for a period of two (2) years, starting from 1 April 2019 to 31 March 2021. 2018-12-14 11:00 B/WCED 2473/18
On-site Auditing, application of Grading System to and Training of 349 Clubs through Club Development Toolkit 2018-12-18 11:00 ZNB: DSR43/ 1819
Provision of Short Term Insurance Services in SIU for a period of 60 months. 2018-12-14 11:00 RFP: 005/ 11/ 2018
Appointment of a Service Provider to provide an Internal Audit Services on a co-sourced basis for a period of Three (3) years 2018-12-07 12:00 RFP/ T 08- 2018/ 19
Appointment of a maximum of four (4) Media Agents to provide media buying (including print, radio, television and online media) and related services to the NRF SAASTA for a period of thirty six (36) months 2018-12-14 11:00 NRF/ SAASTA/ 02/ 2018- 2019
Supply of Integrated Competency Assessment services to SITA for a period of 36 months 2018-12-07 11:00 RFB 1841/ 2018
Provision and Implementation of Integrated Management Information System to Support SASSETA Core Business 2018-11-30 11:00 RFP/ SASSETA/ 201819128
Installation, Configuration maintenance of PABX and Call Centre Management Solution for a period of 12 months with the option to renew 2018-12-10 11:00 RFP/ SASSETA/ 201819129
Supply, Delivery, Installation and Configuration of Firewall and Switches on an outright purchase or rental basis (Managed) and maintenance thereof for a period of 12 months with the option to renew 2018-12-10 11:00 RFP/ SASSETA/ 201819130
Provision of Telecommunication and Internet Services for a period of 12 Months with the option to renew 2018-12-10 11:00 RFP/ SASSETA/ 201819125
Appointment of a service provider for the evaluation, due diligence and monitoring of Discretionary Grants until 31st March 2019 2018-12-10 10:00 RFP/ SASSETA/ 201819127/ 1
The rendering, manufacturing, repairing, fitting and supplying of aids for orthotic and prosthetic services to institutions in the Eden and Central Karoo District under Western Cape Government the Department of Health for a three year period 2018-12-07 11:00 WCGHCC031/ 1/ 2018

Pages

Advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums

Consortiums are often considered as entities to use when responding to tenders in South Africa. The question that arises is whether to use a Consortium or a Joint Venture when responding to a tender. To help you with this we have compiled a list of advantages and disadvantages for both Consortiums as well as Joint Ventures. In this article we list the advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums. Look out for the same article on Joint Ventures.

Consortiums Advantages:

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