Issue Date: 
Monday, October 13, 2014

Direct and Indirect Costs: 2 items that determine tender pricing

Article by Werner van Rooyen

www.how2tender.com

13 October 2014

Many bidders that respond to tenders struggle when it comes to calculating a price for a specific tender. One of the reasons for this is that a large number of small business owners are usually new to the tender process and therefore they lack the necessary experience to price their bids correctly.

Without getting into the fundamentals of accounting there are two basic items that determine your tender price. In fact, these two basic items should always be your guide when determining your price on the goods or services you sell.

The two items that determine pricing are:

  • Direct Costs; and
  • Indirect Costs.
  1. Direct Costs

Direct Costs are the costs that one pays to either:

  • Produce goods or services; or
  • The cost price you pay to procure goods or products that you will resell to your customers.

In other words, if you manufacture wooden chairs your direct costs will be the money you spend on purchasing the wood for the chairs. Other direct costs in manufacturing wooden chairs would be wood glue, nails and labour costs.

Thus, when responding to a tender you must take the utmost care that you include all your direct costs in your tender price.

  1. Indirect Costs

Indirect Costs are the expenses that you incur to run your business, these costs do not necessarily generate any income. Some of the most common indirect costs that your business incurs are:

  • Rent
  • Utility expenses such as electricity and water
  • Telephone
  • Stationary
  • Salaries and wages
  • Accounting fees

It is very important to include indirect costs in your tender price. Remember that the tender will form part of your normal day-to-day business and therefore it must contribute to your indirect costs.

The question is how to calculate how much of the indirect costs are contributable to the tender. There isn’t one specific rule but one of the more common rules is to estimate the time spend on servicing the tender and then use that to factor in the indirect costs into the tender price. In other words if you have to spend 50% of your time servicing the tender then 50% of your indirect costs should be part of your tender price.

Please visit our website at www.how2tender.com for more on these as well as other interesting topics. You will also find our Tender Manual there - the Tender Manual guides you through the whole process of responding to a Tender or a Request for Proposal.

Until next time.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Atraumatic Graspers - 5mm - Length 36cm - Reusable 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 524/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Curved Cutter / Stapler - Size: 3.0mm Length X 3.5mm Height 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 523/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Modified Bipolar Vessel Sealing Device, Single Use -Small Jaw. as per Specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 522/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Tubing, Latex (205) as per specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 398/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Ligasure Impact Tissue Fusion - Open Instrument - Size: 13.5mm. as per specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 355/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Catheter - Argyle - 40cm - Size 22g, as per specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 299/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Patient Plate With Cable - Single Use. as per specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 208/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Auto Suture Gia Premium 50mm X 3.8mm Loading Unit as per specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 95/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Auto Suture Gia Premium 90mm X 3.8mm Loading Unit. as per specification 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 94/ 17 - 18 GAZ
Sabs Approved Female Safety Shoes 2017-08-02 11:00 ZNQ: 257/ 2017/ 18
Appointment of a service provide to supply,deliver and install steel shelves to storeroom /archives/registry to the new and existing office blocks at 191-prince Alfred street building in Pietermaritzburg head office 2017-08-21 11:00 ZNT NO: 10/ 16/ 17
Postmasburg Dept of Labour: Alternative office accommodation: 475.00m² and 8 parking bays for a period of 5 years 2017-08-11 11:00 LS04/ 17
Calvinia Dept of Labour: Alternative office accommodation: 475.00m² and 9 parking bays for a period of 5 years 2017-08-11 11:00 LS05/ 17
Kimberley Dept of Water and Sanitation: Alternative office accommodation: 2930.68m² and 54 parking bays – for a period of 3 years 2017-08-11 11:00 LS03/ 17
Supply and Deliver Crepe bandage 100mm x 4.5m 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ: 200- 17/ 18
Supply and Deliver Bandage crepe 75mm x 4.5m 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ199- 17/ 18
Supply and Deliver single seat stainless steel chairs 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ: 189- 17/ 18
Supply and Install Diagnostic set wall mounted 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ: 193- 17/ 18
Supply and Deliver Abdominal Swabs Sterile X-ray detectable with loop. size 450mm x 370mm x 4 PLY 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ: 163- 17/ 18
Supply and Deliver: Portable Dental light with a carry bag 2017-08-01 11:00 ZNQ: 192- 17/ 18

Pages

Functionality and Tenders

In all competitive bids (tenders) you as the bidder will have to respond to Functionality. You will need to score a set minimum number of points, measured as a percentage, on Functionality of a competitive bid (tender) in order to advance to the next phase of evaluation in the tender process.

Usually Organs of State evaluate competitive bids (tenders) as follows:

  • The tender response is evaluated on Functionality where the bidder must score points out of a maximum of 100 points.
  • A threshold of between 65 to 75 out of 100 points... Read More
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