Issue Date: 
Monday, October 13, 2014

Direct and Indirect Costs: 2 items that determine tender pricing

Article by Werner van Rooyen

www.how2tender.com

13 October 2014

Many bidders that respond to tenders struggle when it comes to calculating a price for a specific tender. One of the reasons for this is that a large number of small business owners are usually new to the tender process and therefore they lack the necessary experience to price their bids correctly.

Without getting into the fundamentals of accounting there are two basic items that determine your tender price. In fact, these two basic items should always be your guide when determining your price on the goods or services you sell.

The two items that determine pricing are:

  • Direct Costs; and
  • Indirect Costs.
  1. Direct Costs

Direct Costs are the costs that one pays to either:

  • Produce goods or services; or
  • The cost price you pay to procure goods or products that you will resell to your customers.

In other words, if you manufacture wooden chairs your direct costs will be the money you spend on purchasing the wood for the chairs. Other direct costs in manufacturing wooden chairs would be wood glue, nails and labour costs.

Thus, when responding to a tender you must take the utmost care that you include all your direct costs in your tender price.

  1. Indirect Costs

Indirect Costs are the expenses that you incur to run your business, these costs do not necessarily generate any income. Some of the most common indirect costs that your business incurs are:

  • Rent
  • Utility expenses such as electricity and water
  • Telephone
  • Stationary
  • Salaries and wages
  • Accounting fees

It is very important to include indirect costs in your tender price. Remember that the tender will form part of your normal day-to-day business and therefore it must contribute to your indirect costs.

The question is how to calculate how much of the indirect costs are contributable to the tender. There isn’t one specific rule but one of the more common rules is to estimate the time spend on servicing the tender and then use that to factor in the indirect costs into the tender price. In other words if you have to spend 50% of your time servicing the tender then 50% of your indirect costs should be part of your tender price.

Please visit our website at www.how2tender.com for more on these as well as other interesting topics. You will also find our Tender Manual there - the Tender Manual guides you through the whole process of responding to a Tender or a Request for Proposal.

Until next time.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Silver electric surgical oscillating orthopaedic medical bone saw (maxi drive) with accessories 2018-08-01 11:00 ZNQ 144 / 2018 / 19
Service provider to service fire extinguishers and hose reels, the company must be CIDB 1ME grade or above. The kilometers from St. Apollinaris Hospital to the clinics (single trip to) is: Sokhela Clinic x 07 (+/- 45.5km); Malenge clinic x 07 (+/-27km); Sphamandla clinic x 07 (+/- 18km); Riverside clinic x 07 (+/- 18km); Kilmun clinic x 07 (+/- 27km); Qulashe clinic x 07 (+/- 52km). 2018-08-02 11:00 84/ 2018/ 2019NSI
Supply Kiwi complete vacuum delivery system with palm pump (50 set) 2018-07-30 11:00 433/ 17- 18
Supply 8 bay mobile filer (04 units) 2018-07-30 11:00 111/ 18- 19
Service provider to service floor cleaning machine and replace the switch, the kilometers from St. Apollinaris Hospital to the clinics (single trip to) is: Riverside clinic x 02 (+/- 18km); Sokhela clinic x 01 (+/- 45.5km); Sphamandla clinic x 01 (+/- 18km); Kilmun clinic x 02 x (+/- 27km); Qulashe clinic x 01 x (+/- 52km); Malenge clinic x 02 x (+/- 27km). 2018-08-02 11:00 86/ 2018/ 2019NSI
6 Units x Portable Vascular Access - Illumination System 2018-07-27 11:00 ZNQ 23- 2018/ 19
Desludging of septic tank, the kilometers from St. Apollinaris Hospital to the clinics (single trip to ) is: Malenge Clinic x 02 (+/- 27km); Riverside clinic x 01 (+/- 18km); Qulashe clinic x 01 (+/- 52km); Sphamandla clinic x 02 (+/- 18km); Sokhela clinic x 02 (+/- 45,5km); Kilmun clinic x 02 (+/- 27km) 2018-08-02 11:00 82/ 2018/ 2019NSI
Supply pop walking heels - large (10 000 units) 2018-07-30 11:00 427/ 17- 18
Appointment of a service provider to supply, install and migrate the existing server infrastructure to a virtual environment. 2018-08-10 11:00 SHRA/ RFB/ ADMIN/ 05/ 201819
Supply lockable stationery cupboard 6ft (24 units). 2018-07-30 11:00 136/ 17- 18
Service provider to clean Jojo tanks,the company must be CIDB grade 1ME or above,the kilometers from St. Apollinaris Hospital to the clinics (single trip to) is: Riverside clinic x 01 x 7500L (+/- 18km) Sokhela clinic x 04 x 5000L (+/- 45.5km) Sphamandla clinic x 08 x 5000L (+/- 18km) 2018-08-02 11:00 109/ 2018/ 2019NSI
Supply floor polisher machine R46 (16 units). 2018-07-30 11:00 136/ 17- 18
Service provider to service airconditioner at Kilmun clinic, the company must be CIDB 1ME or above x 06 unit 2018-08-02 11:00 111/ 2018/ 2019NSI
Supply combi steamer (01 unit) 2018-07-30 11:00 79/ 18- 19
Request for information: A Nursing College Administration System (NCAS) for the South African Military Health Service (SAMHS) nursing college 2018-08-10 11:00 RFI 1772/ 2018
Service provider to service airconditioners at St. Apollinaris Hospital, the company must be CIDB 1ME or above x 87 unit 2018-08-02 11:00 113/ 2018/ 2019NSI
Supply pasteo chairs maroon in colour (130 units) 2018-07-30 11:00 68/ 18- 19
Service to Threatre Aircondtioning And Plantrooms 2018-07-27 11:00 ZNQ 41- 2018/ 19
Provisioning, deployment and training of the Check Point firewall solution for the South African Police Service including support and maintenance for a period of 12 (twelve) months. 2018-08-10 11:00 RFB 1763/ 2018
Servicing of Genset -{720&960- Hour Service and Annual Electrical Service} at New Workshop and Kitchen Genset Plant as per Specification 2018-08-06 11:00 ZNQ 404/ 18- 19

Pages

Tender adjudication process

The SBD/WCBD6.1 document must form part of all bids invited.  It contains general information and serves as a claim form for preference points for Broad -Based Black Economic Empowerment (B -BBEE) Status Level of Contribution, and explains how tenders or bids are decided.

The document says:

  • The bidder obtaining the highest number of points will be awarded the contract.
  • Preference points shall be calculated after prices have been brought to a comparative basis.
  • Points scored will be rounded off to two decimal places... Read More
Free Keyword search

Search all tender notices for FREE!

No subscription or registration required!

You can also search by the reference of the the tender.

Advanced search

Search by Issuer, Region or Sector, individually, or using any combination of the three.