Issue Date: 
Monday, October 13, 2014

Direct and Indirect Costs: 2 items that determine tender pricing

Article by Werner van Rooyen

www.how2tender.com

13 October 2014

Many bidders that respond to tenders struggle when it comes to calculating a price for a specific tender. One of the reasons for this is that a large number of small business owners are usually new to the tender process and therefore they lack the necessary experience to price their bids correctly.

Without getting into the fundamentals of accounting there are two basic items that determine your tender price. In fact, these two basic items should always be your guide when determining your price on the goods or services you sell.

The two items that determine pricing are:

  • Direct Costs; and
  • Indirect Costs.
  1. Direct Costs

Direct Costs are the costs that one pays to either:

  • Produce goods or services; or
  • The cost price you pay to procure goods or products that you will resell to your customers.

In other words, if you manufacture wooden chairs your direct costs will be the money you spend on purchasing the wood for the chairs. Other direct costs in manufacturing wooden chairs would be wood glue, nails and labour costs.

Thus, when responding to a tender you must take the utmost care that you include all your direct costs in your tender price.

  1. Indirect Costs

Indirect Costs are the expenses that you incur to run your business, these costs do not necessarily generate any income. Some of the most common indirect costs that your business incurs are:

  • Rent
  • Utility expenses such as electricity and water
  • Telephone
  • Stationary
  • Salaries and wages
  • Accounting fees

It is very important to include indirect costs in your tender price. Remember that the tender will form part of your normal day-to-day business and therefore it must contribute to your indirect costs.

The question is how to calculate how much of the indirect costs are contributable to the tender. There isn’t one specific rule but one of the more common rules is to estimate the time spend on servicing the tender and then use that to factor in the indirect costs into the tender price. In other words if you have to spend 50% of your time servicing the tender then 50% of your indirect costs should be part of your tender price.

Please visit our website at www.how2tender.com for more on these as well as other interesting topics. You will also find our Tender Manual there - the Tender Manual guides you through the whole process of responding to a Tender or a Request for Proposal.

Until next time.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Tenders are invited to provide Lumion Essentials Training 2017-12-04 11:00 CSQ11171189
Supply: Gloves 2017-11-29 10:00 GA1180192A
Tenders are invited to provide Revit Advanced Training 2017-12-04 11:00 CSQ11171189
Tenders are invited to provide Revit Intermediate Training 2017-12-04 11:00 CSQ11171189
Supply 20 each x harness; weedeater 2017-11-28 10:00 GA1180193A
Tenders are invited to provide Revit Essentials Training 2017-12-04 11:00 CSQ11171189
Supply: Plants 2017-11-28 16:00 GC11800356
Bidders are invited to provide training for Intermediate Leadership Programme 2017-12-04 11:00 CSQ11171187
Bidders are invited to Repair Scrubber Machine for Fresh produce market Scope of Work 2017-12-04 11:00 CSQ11171187
Supply Klorman Cartridges for Water Purifying 2017-11-28 16:00 GC11800357
Manufacture, Supply and Commissioning of an Inkjet Printing System to Upgrade an Existing Wide Web Printing Press at the Government Printing Works. 2018-01-15 11:00 GPW- M 361
Appointment of a service provider to render hygiene services for the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform: Office of the Chief Registrar of Deeds, Deeds Registry Pretoria, Chief Surveyor General and Surveyor General for a period of 36 months 2017-12-15 11:00 DRDLR (CRD- 08) 2017/ 18
Supply and print ambulance return books x 600 units 2017-12-01 11:00 ZNQ 459/ 17/ 18
Supply and Deliver Bark Chips to City Parks Depot , Sacks Circle Drive Bellville South. 2017-11-28 16:00 GC11800358
Stationery items 2017-12-01 11:00 ZNQ 130 / 2017/ 2018
Appointment of a service provider to render Security Services in Klerksdorp Regional Office for a period of 24 months 2018-01-05 11:00 DMR/ 018/ 2017/ 18
Appointment of three service providers to supply and deliver fresh fruit as and when required over a period of twenty four months (24) . 2017-12-15 11:00 NRFNZG- 027- 2017/ 18
Supply carbolic soap 2017-11-28 16:00 GC11800360
Appointment of a service provider to render Security Services in Rustenburg Regional Office for a period of 24 months 2018-01-05 11:00 DMR/ 019/ 2017/ 18
Appointment of two service providers to supply and deliver fresh and processed vegetables as and when required over a period of one (1) year 2017-12-15 11:00 NRFNZG- 028- 2017/ 18

Pages

Functionality and Tenders

In all competitive bids (tenders) you as the bidder will have to respond to Functionality. You will need to score a set minimum number of points, measured as a percentage, on Functionality of a competitive bid (tender) in order to advance to the next phase of evaluation in the tender process.

Usually Organs of State evaluate competitive bids (tenders) as follows:

  • The tender response is evaluated on Functionality where the bidder must score points out of a maximum of 100 points.
  • A threshold of between 65 to 75 out of 100 points... Read More
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